Health, Air Pollution and Population Initiative in Education and Science Training
About the program:
Air pollution negatively affects the majority of the US population. It causes respiratory
illnesses, neurological and mental health problems, and reproductive ailments. Air
pollution is particularly acute in Utah’s Salt Lake Valley, where the University of
Utah is located. The area’s topography produces temperature inversions in the winter,
leading to stagnant conditions and poor air quality with well-documented human health
effects. Since the impacts of pollution are worse in racial/ethnic minority and low-income
communities, it is imperative to engage researchers from these communities in addressing
the complex problems of air quality and environmental inequity. However, scientists
from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds are underrepresented among faculty at US universities.
Various strategies have been implemented in higher education to diversify the US research
workforce, and faculty-mentored research experiences for undergraduate students have
been shown to be particularly successful. Given this evidence, this program trains
students from underrepresented backgrounds in air pollution-related health research
through a faculty-mentored summer research program called Health, Air Pollution and Population Initiative in Education and Science Training (HAPPIEST).
The HAPPIEST experience:
HAPPIEST is structured by a mentoring “community of practice,” which supports an evidence-based ten-week summer training program for undergraduate students in the area of environmental health science. This community includes four teams, each comprised of two undergraduate students, one graduate student training coordinator, and one faculty mentor. Teams work on locally relevant air pollution and health research projects, with the potential for interdisciplinary integration across teams. Eight undergraduate students are funded each summer, for a total of forty between Summer 2021 and Summer 2025. The program leverages a unique partnership with the UOU’s successful Summer Program for Undergraduate Research. The program prepares students for placement into competitive graduate programs in the environmental health sciences. HAPPIEST also fuels interdisciplinary collaborations among faculty mentors with the goal of informing novel solutions to environmental health problems in the Salt Lake Valley and beyond.
Selected students receive a stipend of $5,000 (less applicable taxes) over the course of the program. Up to 4 students each summer also receive on-campus housing.
Students become part of the community of practice. They conduct their research alongside another HAPPIEST trainee. The two undergraduate work closely with a HAPPIEST-funded graduate student training coordinator, and a faculty mentor. They work ~35 hours/week on their research tasks. They also attend SPUR programming and several HAPPIEST professional development workshops that are specific to environmental health.
HAPPIEST introduces students to the use of large-scale population cohorts and data integration, which is essential for examining current environmental health phenomena.
HAPPIEST students conduct research focused on contextually-relevant environmental health problems that disproportionately affects racial/ethnic minority communities in the Salt Lake Valley. Depending on the specific research project, this allows some student participants to give back to their communities.
Each student receives financial support to present their research at a regional or national meeting in the year after their summer research experience. Faculty mentors and graduate student training coordinators mentor the student through the process of presenting at a conference.
Dr. Grineski is an active researcher in the area of environmental health; furthermore,
she is an experienced director of undergraduate research training programs. She is
also the director of undergraduate studies in Sociology at UOU and co-director of
the UOU’s Center for Natural and Technological Hazards (with PI Collins). Grineski’s
environmental health research has been supported by the National Institute of Minority
Health and Health Disparities with an award towards the Center of Excellence in Environmental
Health Disparities, which she directed at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP),
as well as by the National Science Foundation and the Environmental Protection Agency.
Grineski gained experience in managing undergraduate research training programs while
at UTEP, and she is well-prepared to co-direct HAPPIEST. She was a PI on a multiple-PI
team for the Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) initiative site
at UTEP supported by the NIH Common Fund. As a director of UTEP’s BUILDing SCHOLARS
Research Enrichment Core, which had a budget of $5 million in direct costs, she oversaw
a summer research program for 70 undergraduate students from regional two- and four-year
universities, whom the program matched with faculty research mentors at 13 different
research partner institutions; she also managed a mentoring program for ~50 undergraduate
UTEP students working on research with faculty during the academic year, and a peer-mentoring
program for undergraduate UTEP students. She currently directs the BUILDing SCHOLARS
summer undergraduate research experience partnership at the UOU (2020-2024).
Dr. Collins is an established researcher in the areas of air pollution, environmental
inequalities, and health disparities. He is also the director of undergraduate studies
in Geography at UOU. His research on environmental health has been funded by the National
Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Science Foundation,
Environmental Protection Agency, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
While at UTEP, Collins gained experience in the scientific and administrative leadership
of undergraduate research training programs both in his role as a Provost’s Faculty
Fellow with the Campus Office of Undergraduate Research Initiatives and as a PI on
a multi-PI team for BUILDing SCHOLARS, which is one of ten sites in the NIH-funded
BUILD initiative. As director of the Institutional Development Core, which had a budget
of $4.5 million in direct costs, he oversaw the development of a novel research-driven
curricular program (including new course-based undergraduate research experiences),
searches for key personnel (multiple new tenure-track faculty members and postdoctoral
personnel) to support the program, improvements to biomedical research training environments
across campus, small grant programs for faculty, and a mentoring awards program.
About the Faculty Mentors:
HAPPIEST includes a pool of faculty mentors from:
- the physical sciences
- engineering (e.g., atmospheric science, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, exposure science)
- the biomedical sciences (e.g., neurology, pulmonology, psychiatry)
- the socio-behavioral sciences (e.g., sociology, geography, demography, political science)
thereby fostering the development of transdisciplinary perspectives among student participants as well as collaborations across faculty-led research teams. Each year, students have the opportunity to work with some of these faculty.
|Mentor||Department||Environmental Health Focus||Potential Summer Project|
|Amanda Bakian||Psychiatry||Air pollution and the risks of psychiatric outcomes including autism spectrum disorder, suicide, and depression||Investigate the relationship between patient-reported mental health outcomes and air pollution levels in Salt Lake County|
|Timothy Collins||Geography & Environmental and Sustainability Studies||Environmental health disparities, environmental justice, and effects of air pollution on children||Analyze relationships between air pollution, economic disadvantage, and intellectual disability among children in the Salt Lake City School District|
|Sara Grineski||Sociology & Environmental and Sustainability Studies||Air quality and its socially and geographically uneven effects on children’s health||Examine associations between air pollution and standardized test scores at Utah public schools|
|Dustin Hammers||Neurology||Impact of poor air quality on older adults’ cognitive capacities||Study the relationship between poor air quality and cognitive performance among Utah patients at the U’s Cognitive Disorders Clinic|
|Heidi Hanson||Surgery||The effect of environmental influences throughout the life course on later life health and the health of future generations||Examine the short and long-term associations between air pollution and cardiovascular/pulmonary outcomes in cancer survivors|
|Kerry Kelly||Chemical Engineering||Links between energy, air quality, and human health, with an emphasis on aerosol formation||Evaluate the effect of sound walls on air quality using low-cost sensors in an underserved community that is requesting a sound wall|
|Daniel Mendoza||City & Metropolitan Planning, Atmospheric Sciences & Pulmonology||Exposure mechanisms, health outcomes, and design of observation platform for air pollutants mounted on electric light-rail trains||Measure levels of air pollution in Salt Lake and learn how to quantify the economic impact of negative health outcomes in order to develop compelling policy solutions|
|Robert Paine III||Pulmonology||Uncovering mechanisms by which air pollution impacts pulmonary health||Study the mechanisms by which air pollution impacts pulmonary innate immune responses|
|Cheryl Pirozzi||Pulmonology||Effects of air pollution on pulmonary diseases||Analyze association of air pollution exposure with rare pulmonary diseases, and identify susceptible patient populations|
|Ken Smith||Population Studies & Family and Consumer Studies||Social, environmental, and genetic origins of rates of aging in humans||Examine health effects of air pollution using medical records of all persons in Salt Lake City who live near the light rail and measures of air pollution collected from air monitors mounted on trains|
|Jim VanDerslice||Division of Public Health||Exposure estimation and spatial methods, with a focus on community exposures and health outcomes||Examine health and economic consequences of ambient pollution levels in Utah|
|Robert Welsh||Huntsman Mental Health Institute||Using magnetic resonance physics and neuroimaging to examine how air pollution impacts the brain||Examine effects of poor air quality on brain aging in ethnic minorities using state-of-the-art neuroimaging and analytic methods|
Meet the Summer 2021 HAPPIEST Faculty Mentors
The Summer 2021 faculty mentors are an outstanding group of faculty who are conducting cutting-edge research on air pollution and health from multiple disciplinary backgrounds. Click on the links below to read their HAPPIEST project description as posted on the SPUR webpage and to apply to work on their project.
HAPPIEST runs in collaboration with the U’s Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR). SPUR provides undergraduate students with an intensive ten-week research experience under the mentorship of a U faculty member, and it emphasizes the development of a diverse and inclusive group of student participants. Through SPUR, HAPPIEST participants engage in:
- welcome and closing receptions
- peer advising
- weekly education events
- bi-weekly program meetings
- optional on-campus housing
HAPPIEST students also participate in programming focused on environmental health that is not extended to other SPUR students. SPUR closes with the Summer Symposium, which gives students the opportunity to present their work to the U community. Like their SPUR peers, HAPPIEST students are required to present their research at this event.
HAPPIEST students have a home on campus in NEXUS, the iNterdisciplinary EXchange for Utah Science directed by Dr. Ken Smith, where HAPPIEST meetings and trainings take place.
Housed within the College of Social and Behavioral Science in a new, state-of-the-art
building in the heart of campus, NEXUS promotes collaboration among all U departments
and colleges through joint research resources, faculty exchange programs, faculty
mentoring programs, interdisciplinary summer workshops, interdisciplinary conferences,
and faculty and student training programs in a variety of research methods across
diverse research fields.
Who is eligible?
Admission to HAPPIEST (and SPUR) is competitive, and applicants must meet all of the following criteria to be considered:
- be a matriculated, degree-seeking U undergraduate student in the subsequent fall semester (beginning or continuing a college career and not graduating before December)
- eligible to work in the US
- able to commit to approximately 35–40 hours per week of employment during the duration of the program (late May –early August)
- be at least 18 years old at the start of the program
- Applicants should be from underrepresented groups, as defined by the National Institutes of Health: Blacks or African Americans, Hispanics or Latinxs, American Indians or Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders
While rising sophomores and juniors are particularly encouraged to apply, previous college coursework in specific subjects or research experience are not required.
Application period is closed until 2022
HAPPIEST is funded by a R25 grant from the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences.